COLLEGE OF MEDICINE AND HEALTH
Medicine, Nursing and Allied Health Professions

Description

Medical Imaging Applications

Module titleMedical Imaging Applications
Module codePAM2013
Academic year2020/1
Credits30
Module staff

Mrs Susan McAnulla (Convenor)

Ms Demelza Green (Convenor)

Duration: Term123
Duration: Weeks

12

2

Number students taking module (anticipated)

64

Description - summary of the module content

Module description

This module aims to develop knowledge of the science and technology underpinning 2-D and 3-D imaging techniques; Computed Tomography (CT), Mammography, Nuclear Medicine, Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), interventional and dental radiography.  It addresses the principles of safe practice in using these various modalities and quality assurance in medical imaging. The module further aims to provide practical experience in interpretation of the images that arise from these modalities.

Module aims - intentions of the module

This module aims to equip you with a fundamental understanding of the roles and scope of Computed Tomography (CT), Mammography, Nuclear Medicine, Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), interventional and dental radiographywithin the field of medical imaging to underpin appropriate decision-making when justifying imaging requests. The module also aims to develop safe practice within these modalities so that you have appropriate awareness of restrictions, ethics, legislation and professionalism to be able to maintain the safety of yourself and others present in the imaging environment.

Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs)

ILO: Module-specific skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 1. Explain the basic physical principles of CT, Mammography, Nuclear Medicine, Ultrasound, MRI, DXA, interventional and dental radiography.
  • 2. Describe and explain the design and function of systems for provision of two-dimensional and three-dimensional CT, Mammography, Nuclear Medicine, Ultrasound, MRI, DXA, interventional and dental radiography.
  • 3. Describe potential hazards and the systems and governance for safe and ethical working in the conduct of CT, Mammography, Nuclear Medicine, Ultrasound, MRI, DXA, interventional and dental radiography.
  • 4. Describe a range of CT, Mammography, Nuclear Medicine, Ultrasound, MRI, DXA, interventional and dental radiography procedures including advantages and limitations of each.
  • 5. Identify normal appearance and examples of common pathology on CT, Mammography, Nuclear Medicine, Ultrasound, MRI, DXA, interventional and dental radiography images.
  • 6. Describe the requirements and techniques of quality assurance and quality control relating to medical imaging.

ILO: Discipline-specific skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 7. Use IT packages for image viewing
  • 8. Use appropriate sources of information to develop own knowledge;

ILO: Personal and key skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 9. Manage time and, with some guidance, prioritise workloads;
  • 10. Use problem-solving skills in practical situations.

Syllabus plan

Syllabus plan

Whilst the module’s precise content may vary from year to year, an example of an overall structure is as follows: 

 

Computed Tomography (CT) 

Physical principles of CT. 

Patient hazards: Radiation protection, contrast agent risks. 

Design and operating principles of the CT scanner. 

Range of CT techniques and applications: trauma, disease staging, angiography, guidance. 

Image production.  

Patient care, safe and efficient practice.  

Regulations and legislation. 

Quality assurance.

 

Nuclear Medicine  

Physical principles of 2D and 3D radionuclide imaging and hybrid techniques. 

Patient hazards: Radiation protection for unsealed sources. 

Design and operating principles of the gamma camera. 

Image production.   

Range of nuclear medicine techniques and applications: Radionuclide imaging, quantitative and therapeutic techniques. 

Radiopharmaceuticals: production, requirements, choice of isotope and activity.  

Tagging, physiological uptake and half-life. 

Patient care, safe and efficient practice.  

Regulations and legislation. 

Quality assurance. 

 

Ultrasound  

 

Physical principles of ultrasound.  

Patient Hazards: Heating and cavitation. 

Design and operating principles of the ultrasound scanner. 

Image production. 

Standard imaging procedures: A mode, B mode, M mode. Principles, equipment and interpretation. 

Range of ultrasound techniques and applications: Doppler, echocardiography, elastography, guidance. 

Ultrasound contrast agents: principles and applications.  

Patient care, safe and efficient practice.  

Regulations and legislation.  

Quality assurance.

 

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)  

 

Physical principles of MRI.  

Patient hazards: static magnetic field, switching magnetic fields, radiofrequency heating.  

Design and operating principles of the MRI scanner. 

Image production. 

Standard imaging sequences: pulse sequences types and image weighting. 

MRI contrast agents: principles and applications. 

Patient care, safe and efficient practice.  

Regulations and legislation.  

Quality assurance.  

 

Mammography, Interventional X-radiography, Dual Energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), Dental radiography. 

 

Equipment design. 

Image requirements. 

Patient care, safe and efficient practice. 

Regulations and legislation.  

Quality assurance.

 

 

Image appreciation

 

Evaluation and interpretation of images from all modalities covered in module: level of normal anatomy demonstrated, normal and pathological examples. 

Learning and teaching

Learning activities and teaching methods (given in hours of study time)

Scheduled Learning and Teaching ActivitiesGuided independent studyPlacement / study abroad
602400

Details of learning activities and teaching methods

CategoryHours of study timeDescription
Scheduled learning and teaching activities4040x1-hour lectures
Scheduled learning and teaching activities20Practical sessions
Guided independent study20Directed background reading
Guided independent study220Reading, private study and revision

Assessment

Formative assessment

Form of assessmentSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
ELE quizzes during class 04-10Computer generated

Summative assessment (% of credit)

CourseworkWritten examsPractical exams
65350

Details of summative assessment

Form of assessment% of creditSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
Essay503000 words3-5, 8-10Written
Written Examination352 hours1-3, 6iExeter and ELE
Coursework15750 words or equivalent depending on format (e.g. poster, presentation, information leaflet) 1,2,4,5Written

Re-assessment

Details of re-assessment (where required by referral or deferral)

Original form of assessmentForm of re-assessmentILOs re-assessedTimescale for re-assessment
Essay (50%)Essay (3000 words)3-5, 8-10August/September assessment period
Written Examination (35%)Written Examination (2 hours)1-3, 6August/September assessment period
Coursework (15%)Coursework (750 words or equivalent depending on format (e.g. poster, presentation, information leaflet) 1,2,4,5August/September assessment period

Re-assessment notes

essay and coursework reassessment is resubmission of original piece with required improvements to meet threshold for passing.

 

Please refer to the TQA section on Referral/Deferral: http://as.exeter.ac.uk/academic-policy-standards/tqa-manual/aph/consequenceoffailure/

Resources

Indicative learning resources - Web based and electronic resources

http://vle.exeter.ac.uk/

Module has an active ELE page

Indicative learning resources - Other resources

  • Kim, E. (2012), Handbook of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging: principles and clinical applications, World Scientific, ISBN 9789814366236
  • Kremkau F.W. (2016), Sonography: Principles and Instruments (9th edition), Saunders, ISBN 978-0323322713
  • McRobbie D.W. et al. (2017), MRI from Picture to Proton (3rd edition), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9781107706958
  • Powsner R.A. Palmer M.R. and Powsner E.R (2013), Essentials of Nuclear Medicine Physics (3rd edition)., Wiley Blackwell,  ISBN 978-0470905500
  • Sharp P.F., Gemmell H.G. and Murray A.D. (2005), Practical Nuclear Medicine (3rd edition), Springer, ISBN 1-852-33875-X
  • Society and College of Radiographers (2019), Safety in Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Society and College of Radiographers, ISBN 978-1-909802-31-5
  • Westbrook C. (2018), MRI in Practice (5th edition), Wiley Blackwell, ISBN 978-1-119-39196-8

Key words search

Medical Imaging; Imaging; Interpretations; Procedures; Practical; Resonance; Systems; Standards; Equipment;;

Credit value30
Module ECTS

15

Module pre-requisites

None

Module co-requisites

None

NQF level (module)

5

Available as distance learning?

No

Origin date

01/09/2004

Last revision date

29/04/2020