Ageing: The effect of retirement on depression and anxiety


An important theme in analyses related to ageing has been the effect of retirement on recovery from depression and anxiety. In short, these common mental conditions show a sharp decline in prevalence around the official retirement ages - retirement is good for mental health, especially in men!

Scientific papers

Villamil E, Huppert FA, Melzer D. Low prevalence of depression and anxiety is linked to statutory retirement ages rather than personal work exit: a national survey. Psychol Med. 2006 Jul;36(7):999-1009.
PMID: 16650345

Gill SC, Butterworth P, Rodgers B, Anstey KJ, Villamil E, Melzer D. Mental health and the timing of men's retirement. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2006 Jul;41(7):515-22.
PMID: 16614785

Butterworth P, Gill SC, Rodgers B, Anstey KJ, Villamil E, Melzer D. Retirement and mental health: analysis of the Australian national survey of mental health and well-being. Soc Sci Med. 2006 Mar;62(5):1179-91.
PMID: 16171915

Buxton JW, Singleton N, Melzer D. The mental health of early retirees: a national interview survey in Britain. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2005;40(2):99-105.
PMID: 15685400

Melzer D, Buxton J, Villamil E. Decline in Common Mental Disorder prevalence in men during the sixth decade of life: Evidence from the National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2004 Jan;39(1):33-8.
PMID: 15022044