Professor Robert Pawlak
Chair in Functional Cell Biology
+44 (0) 1392 727411
Hatherly Laboratory C2
Hatherly Building, University of Exeter, Prince of Wales Road, Exeter, EX4 4PS, UK
Prof. Pawlak graduated from the faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland (1994) and received a PhD in Medical Sciences from the same University (1997). Prior to his current appointment at Exeter he studied neuronal plasticity and animal behaviour in Poland (Medical University of Bialystok), Japan (Hamamatsu University), USA (The Rockefeller University) and in the UK (University of Leicester). Prof. Pawlak is the first author or a co-author of over 50 publications.
Broad research specialisms
One fundamental question in modern neurobiology is how memories and emotions are formed in the brain. Our lab is interested in cellular mechanisms involved in experience-induced neuronal plasticity underlying learning, fear and anxiety. We study these phenomena using a combination of genetic, cell biological, pharmacological, electrophysiological and behavioural approaches.
- 1994 - Diploma of Physician, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
- 1997 - PhD, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
Research group links
Prof. Pawlak is interested in cellular mechanisms involved in experience-induced neuronal plasticity underlying learning, fear and anxiety.
Psychological stress induces neuronal responses that can be either adaptive and directed toward maintaining homeostasis, or maladaptive leading to severe behavioural abnormalities. Understanding neural bases of stress, fear and anxiety is of an immense importance to modern society. Anxiety disorders affect about 25% of adults at least once in their lives, and make a huge social, family and welfare impact. The most dramatic form, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by cognitive impairment, depression, fear, anxiety, and may eventually lead to suicide. Understanding of the neural mechanisms of PTSD and other anxiety disorders could reduce the personal and societal impact through development of more efficient therapies.
How is fear and anxiety formed in the brain? Fear memories are encoded as changes in strength of synaptic connections, a process called plasticity. However, the molecular mechanisms that facilitate stress-induced behavioural abnormalities remain unclear. Two brain regions critically involved in fear responses are the amygdala and the hippocampus. We study stress-regulated genes in these areas using a combination of genetic, cell biological, pharmacological, electrophysiological and behavioural approaches.
Prof. Pawlak has particular interests in the role that extracellular proteases, their receptors (PARs) and the extracellular matrix play in experience-induced plasticity in the limbic system. Another area of interest is the involvement of ephrins and their receptors Eph’s in these processes. He uses an interdisciplinary approach to better understand the role of the above molecules in the central nervous system physiology
- Investigations into the mechanism by which FKBP51 modulates neuronal signalling and behavioural signatures of stress
- The role of ephrins and Eph receptors in fear and anxiety
- The role of protease-activated receptors in regulating the emotional status of an animal
- The role of miRNAs and their target genes in the hippocampus and amygdala
- Cost Action BM1001 (ECMNet).
External Engagement and Impact
2007 Marie Curie Excellence Grant, European Commission.
2002 Young Investigator Award, 2ndAsia-Pacific Congress of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Seoul, Korea
2000 The Young Investigator Award, XVth International Congress in Fibrinolysis and Proteolysis, Hamamatsu, Japan.
1998, 2000 Research Excellence Award, Ministry of Health of Poland.
University of Exeter Ethical Review Group
University of Exeter Research Advisory Committee
Vice-Chair and grant evaluator, Life Sciences Panel, European Commission, FP7 Marie Curie Actions
FP7 COST Action BM1001 Brain Extracellular Matrix in Health and Disease – the Management Committee.
‘Physiological and Molecular Regulation of Amygdala Circuits’, Amygdala in Heath and Disease: Gordon Conference, 2013 (accepted).
“Control of anxiety and fear by extracellular proteolysis in the amygdala”, Department of Pharmacology Seminars, University of Oxford, UK, 2013.
“Regulation of anxiety by neuropsin in the amygdala”, Frontiers in stress and cognition: From Molecules to Behaviour, Ascona, Switzerland, September 2012.
“Molecular Mechanisms Linking Stress and Mental Health”, Brain Mind Institute, Lausanne, Switzerland, 2012.
RIKEN Brain Research Institute, Wako, Japan, 2011. Neuropsin in the amygdala – a new role for an old protease.
32nd Naito Conference “Biological Basis of Mental Functions and Disorders”, Yamanashi, Japan, 2011. Regulation of anxiety at the neuron-matrix interface
Max Planck Institute for Experimental Medicine, Goettingen, Germany, 2011. Regulation of anxiety and fear by extracellular proteolysis in the amygdala.
“Topical Problems in Biophotonics”, St. Petersburg, Russia, 2011. Regulation of stress-induced anxiety by extracellular proteolysis in the amygdala.
Brain chemistry linked to source of stress disorders: British Neuroscience Association
The pill that beats stress? Researchers discover how fear develops into anxiety and hope to find a cure: Mail Online.
Brain study reveals stress code: Sciencedaily.com.
Pill that can ease bad memories after scientists discover lipocalin-2 stress link: Mail Online.