Publications by year
Forbes C, Morley N, Liabo K, Bjornstad G, Boult H, Ahmed S, Ciesla K, Vafai Y, Bridges S, Logan S, et al
(2022). Prioritising child health and maternity evidence-based interventions or service models: a stakeholder-driven process. BMC Health Services Research
Prioritising child health and maternity evidence-based interventions or service models: a stakeholder-driven process
. A UK programme, led by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). (https://www.nihr.ac.uk) and coordinated by Applied Research Collaborations (ARC), (https://www.nihr.ac.uk/explore-nihr/support/collaborating-in-applied-health-research.htm) aimed to identify and select evidence-based, implementation-ready service innovations for evaluation. The programme focused on seven areas of health provision. We report on a prioritisation process designed to identify and assess innovations in one of these areas: child and maternal health (CH&M).
. We developed a three-stage, online, stakeholder driven process to 1) identify, 2) assess and prioritise and 3) select evidence-based interventions or service models, using crowdsourcing to identify projects and the APEASE criteria to assess and select projects. A brief evidence review was conducted for all initial suggestions to identify those with the largest evidence-base to take forward for ranking by stakeholders. Stakeholder workshops considered and ranked these suggestions using the APEASE criteria. We then conducted in-depth evidence reviews for the highest ranked suggestions. The Project Management Group and Advisory Board used these reviews and the APEASE criteria to select the final projects.
. We received 32 initial suggestions from a range of clinicians, practitioners and researchers. Fourteen of the most evidence-based suggestions were considered and ranked at four themed stakeholder workshops. Nine suggestions were ranked for further in-depth evidence review and a final four projects were selected for implementation evaluation using the APEASE criteria. These were: 1. Maternal Mental Health Services Multidisciplinary Teams 2. Early years tooth brushing programme 3. Trauma-focused CBT for young people in care and 4. Independent Domestic Violence Advisors in maternity settings. Feedback from participants suggested that having public representatives participating in all stakeholder meetings, rather than being consulted separately, focused discussions clearly on patient benefit rather than research aims.
. The stakeholder-driven process achieved its aim of identifying, prioritising and assessing and selecting, evidence-based projects for wider implementation and evaluation. The concurrent process could be adapted by other researchers or policy makers.
McHugh C, Lloyd J, Logan S, Wyatt K
(2021). Enablers and barriers English secondary schools face in promoting healthy diet and physical activity behaviours. Health Promotion International
Enablers and barriers English secondary schools face in promoting healthy diet and physical activity behaviours
. This study sought to understand the current challenges mainstream secondary schools in England face in creating a health promoting school culture for diet and physical activity behaviours. An in-depth qualitative case study of two purposely selected state-funded schools, including interviews with teachers, observations of school activities including meal breaks and a qualitative survey with parents was done. Inductive thematic analysis was used to explore emerging themes. Additional interviews with the leadership team from four further schools were used to develop and refine emerging themes. Four main themes emerged from the data: competing pressures, school environment, personnel and policy. Results demonstrate that schools recognize they have role to play in promoting healthy lifestyle behaviours to pupils; however, several significant barriers were identified such as lack of government support and regulation, school structures and organization, focus on core subjects, business-run canteens and lack of family and community engagement. Given the importance of maintaining a healthy weight throughout the life course, schools have an important role to play in creating healthy environments in which students can easily make a healthy choice. Future school promotion initiatives need to consider addressing the barriers that schools face by working with them and the communities in which they are embedded.
McHugh CA, Lloyd J, Logan S, Wyatt K (2021). Implementing a set of health promoting processes in English secondary schools: a comparative case study. Public Health in Practice, 2, 100214-100214.
McHugh C, Hurst A, Bethel A, Lloyd J, Logan S, Wyatt K
(2020). The impact of the World Health Organization Health Promoting Schools framework approach on diet and physical activity behaviours of adolescents in secondary schools: a systematic review. Public Health
The impact of the World Health Organization Health Promoting Schools framework approach on diet and physical activity behaviours of adolescents in secondary schools: a systematic review.
OBJECTIVE: to examine the effectiveness of interventions using the World Health Organization Health Promoting Schools (HPSs) framework approach in increasing physical activity (PA) and improving the diet of 11-18-year-olds. STUDY DESIGN: a systematic review guided by the National Health Services Centre for Reviews and Dissemination framework and reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses. METHODS: Nine databases and trial registries were searched from 2013 to 2018 for cluster randomised controlled trials involving adolescents' aged 11-18 years. We also included relevant studies from a 2014 Cochrane Review of HPS approach on health behaviours. Data were extracted from included studies and assessed for quality. RESULTS: Twelve eligible studies were identified from seven countries. The studies varied in outcome measures, sample size, quality and duration of intervention and follow-up. Only four of the included studies were of high to moderate quality. We found some evidence of effectiveness for physical activity only interventions and limited evidence of effectiveness for nutrition only and combined PA and nutrition interventions. CONCLUSIONS: There were no discernible patterns across the studies to suggest effective mechanisms for the HPS approach. The family/community component was poorly developed and superficially reported in all studies. Future research should seek to understand how best to work in partnership with secondary schools, to foster and sustain a healthy eating and physical activity culture, which aligns with their core aims. More attention should be paid to the restriction of unhealthy foods in the school environment. Abstract
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McHugh CA, Anderson L, Lloyd J, Wyatt K, Logan S (2019). Influences on diet and physical activity choices of 11–13-year-olds in a school setting. Health Education Journal
Wyatt K, Lloyd J, Creanor S, Green C, Dean SG, Hillsdon M, Abraham C, Tomlinson R, Pearson V, Taylor RS, et al
(2018). Cluster randomised controlled trial and economic and process evaluation to determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a novel intervention [Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP)] to prevent obesity in school children. Public Health Research
Cluster randomised controlled trial and economic and process evaluation to determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a novel intervention [Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP)] to prevent obesity in school children
BackgroundApproximately one-third of children in England leave primary school overweight or obese. There is little evidence of effective obesity prevention programmes for children in this age group.ObjectiveTo determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a school-based healthy lifestyles programme in preventing obesity in children aged 9–10 years.DesignA cluster randomised controlled trial with an economic and process evaluation.SettingThirty-two primary schools in south-west England.ParticipantsChildren in Year 5 (aged 9–10 years) at recruitment and in Year 7 (aged 11–12 years) at 24 months’ post-baseline follow-up.InterventionThe Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP) ran during the spring and summer terms of Year 5 into the autumn term of Year 6 and included four phases: (1) building a receptive environment, (2) a drama-based healthy lifestyles week, (3) one-to-one goal setting and (4) reinforcement activities.Main outcome measuresThe primary outcome measure was body mass index (BMI) standard deviation score (SDS) at 24 months post baseline measures (12 months post intervention). The secondary outcomes comprised waist circumference SDS, percentage body fat SDS, proportion of children overweight and obese at 18 and 24 months, accelerometer-assessed physical activity and food intake at 18 months, and cost-effectiveness.ResultsWe recruited 32 schools and 1324 children. We had a rate of 94% follow-up for the primary outcome. No difference in BMI SDS was found at 24 months [mean difference –0.02, 95% confidence interval (CI) –0.09 to 0.05] or at 18 months (mean difference –0.02, 95% CI –0.08 to 0.05) between children in the intervention schools and children in the control schools. No difference was found between the intervention and control groups in waist circumference SDS, percentage body fat SDS or physical activity levels. Self-reported dietary behaviours showed that, at 18 months, children in the intervention schools consumed fewer energy-dense snacks and had fewer negative food markers than children in the control schools. The intervention effect on negative food markers was fully mediated by ‘knowledge’ and three composite variables: ‘confidence and motivation’, ‘family approval/behaviours and child attitudes’ and ‘behaviours and strategies’. The intervention effect on energy-dense snacks was partially mediated by ‘knowledge’ and the same composite variables apart from ‘behaviours and strategies’. The cost of implementing the intervention was approximately £210 per child. The intervention was not cost-effective compared with control. The programme was delivered with high fidelity, and it engaged children, schools and families across the socioeconomic spectrum.LimitationsThe rate of response to the parent questionnaire in the process evaluation was low. Although the schools in the HeLP study included a range of levels of socioeconomic deprivation, class sizes and rural and urban settings, the number of children for whom English was an additional language was considerably lower than the national average.ConclusionsHeLP is not effective or cost-effective in preventing overweight or obesity in children aged 9–10 years.Future workOur very high levels of follow-up and fidelity of intervention delivery lead us to conclude that it is unlikely that school-based programmes targeting a single age group can ever be sufficiently intense to affect weight status. New approaches are needed that affect the school, the family and the wider environment to prevent childhood obesity.Trial registrationCurrent Controlled Trials ISRCTN15811706.FundingThis project was funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Public Health Research programme and will be published in full inPublic Health Research; Vol. 6, No. 1. See the NIHR Journals Library website for further project information. Abstract
McHugh C, Anderson L, Lloyd J, Wyatt K
(2018). The barriers to and facilitators of healthy lifestyle choices of adolescents transitioning to secondary school. South West Public Health Scientific Conference 2018. 13th - 13th Mar 2018.
The barriers to and facilitators of healthy lifestyle choices of adolescents transitioning to secondary school
Lloyd J, McHugh C, Minton J, Eke H, Wyatt K
(2017). The impact of active stakeholder involvement on recruitment, retention and engagement of schools, children and their families in the cluster randomised controlled trial of the Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP): a school-based intervention to prevent obesity. Trials
The impact of active stakeholder involvement on recruitment, retention and engagement of schools, children and their families in the cluster randomised controlled trial of the Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP): a school-based intervention to prevent obesity.
BACKGROUND: Recruitment and retention of participants is crucial for statistical power and internal and external validity and participant engagement is essential for behaviour change. However, many school-based interventions focus on programme content rather than the building of supportive relationships with all participants and tend to employ specific standalone strategies, such as incentives, to improve retention. We believe that actively involving stakeholders in both intervention and trial design improves recruitment and retention and increases the chances of creating an effective intervention. METHODS: the Healthy Lifestyles Programme, HeLP (an obesity prevention programme for children 9-10 years old) was developed using intervention mapping and involved extensive stakeholder involvement in both the design of the trial and the intervention to ensure that: (i) delivery methods were suitably engaging, (ii) deliverers had the necessary skills and qualities to build relationships and (iii) the intervention dovetailed with the National Curriculum. HeLP was a year-long intervention consisting of 4 multi-component phases using a range of delivery methods. We recruited 1324 children from 32 schools from the South West of England to a cluster-randomised controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of HeLP in preventing obesity. The primary outcome was change in body mass index standard deviation score (BMI SDS) at 24 months post randomisation. Secondary outcomes included additional anthropometric and behavioural (physical activity and diet) measures at 18 and 24 months. RESULTS: Anthropometric and behavioural measures were taken in 99%, 96% and 94% of children at baseline, 18 and 24 months, respectively, with no differential follow up between the control and intervention groups at each time point. All children participated in the programme and 92% of children and 77% of parents across the socio-economic spectrum were considered to have actively engaged with HeLP. CONCLUSIONS: We attribute our excellent retention and engagement results to the high level of stakeholder involvement in both trial and intervention design, the building of relationships using appropriate personnel and creative delivery methods that are accessible to children and their families across the social spectrum. TRIAL REGISTRATION: International Standard Randomised Controlled Trials Register, ISRCTN15811706. Registered on 1 May 2012. Abstract
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Lloyd J, McHugh C, Minton J, Eke H, Wyatt K (2016). Recruitment, retention and engagement in the cluster RCT of the Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP). Conference Poster
McHugh C, Bailey S, Shilling V, Morris C
(2013). Meeting the information needs of families of children with chronic health conditions. Phys Occup Ther Pediatr
(3), 265-270. Author URL
Lloyd C, Logan S, McHugh C, Humphreys G, Parker S, Beswick D, Beswick M, Rogers M, Thompson-Coon J, Morris C, et al (2011). Sleep positioning for children with cerebral palsy.
Morris C, Shilling V, McHugh C, Wyatt K
(2011). Why it is crucial to involve families in all stages of childhood disability research. Dev Med Child Neurol
(8), 769-771. Author URL