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Pathology and Image Interpretation 1

Module titlePathology and Image Interpretation 1
Module codePAM2014
Academic year2023/4
Module staff

Dr Fiona Mellor (Lecturer)

Dr Myo Myo Aung (Lecturer)

Duration: Term123
Duration: Weeks




Number students taking module (anticipated)


Description - summary of the module content

Module description

This module builds on PAM1019 Anatomy and Physiology for Radiographers and PAM1007 Practice Placement 1.  A variety of learning methods are used to provide you with the opportunity to learn about common pathology encountered in the multi-disciplinary clinical environment and develop musculoskeletal image interpretation skills.  This module supports preparation for Stage 3 PAM3019 Pathology and Image Interpretation 2 as well as future practice placement modules.

The second year of the Time for Dementia programme is embedded within the learning and assessment for this module.

Module aims - intentions of the module

This module aims to develop knowledge and understanding of common pathological processes encountered in the contemporary radiology department, together with the radiographic appearances of some pathological processes and injuries. The Society and College of Radiographers 2013 policy for Image Interpretation and Reporting expects graduates to possess the skills to make reliable and accurate decisions on images they acquire and communicate those findings via written preliminary clinical evaluation. You will develop the fundamental skills of decision making and preliminary clinical evaluation required for musculoskeletal image interpretation.

Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs)

ILO: Module-specific skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 1. Describe altered states of anatomy and patho-physiology; central nervous system and appendicular skeleton
  • 2. Explain the basic principles of medical and sociological care in health, disease and trauma
  • 3. Identify and describe normal and abnormal appearances of the appendicular skeleton on projection radiography
  • 4. Demonstrate understanding of the role of imaging in complex patient pathways

ILO: Discipline-specific skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 5. Explore the principles of inter-professional working
  • 6. Use appropriate sources of clinical information to develop own knowledge

ILO: Personal and key skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 7. Manage time and, with limited guidance, prioritise workloads
  • 8. Demonstrate problem-solving skills

Syllabus plan

Syllabus plan

Whilst the module’s precise content may vary from year to year, an example of an overall structure is as follows: 


  • Disease and trauma, particularly as demonstrated on diagnostic images.
  • Manifestation and course of disease and trauma processes. 
  • Patient care in disease and trauma.  
  • Appendicular skeleton: joints, associated musculature and other tissues.
  • Revision of normal anatomy, and common anatomical variants; musculoskeletal.
  • Practical exercises in image interpretation; appendicular skeleton.
  • Perception and awareness of error in image interpretation.
  • Decision making (Red dot, Traffic Light) and Preliminary Clinical Evaluation (PCE) systems.
  • Descriptive terminology for PCE and reporting.
  • Professional (SCoR) and regulatory (HCPC) bodies.
  • Central nervous system
  • Dynamic and physiologically based imaging
  • Selection of imaging procedures including use of contrast agents. 
  • Neurological and mental health pathologies. 
  • Patient care pathways.
  • Care of the vulnerable adult.
  • Contrast agents and drugs used in imaging and resuscitation. 
  • Pharmacology of contrast agents.
  • Sociological aspects of health and illness. 
  • Legislation and regulations.
  • Inter-professional Learning/Working.  

Learning and teaching

Learning activities and teaching methods (given in hours of study time)

Scheduled Learning and Teaching ActivitiesGuided independent studyPlacement / study abroad

Details of learning activities and teaching methods

CategoryHours of study timeDescription
Scheduled learning and teaching activities42Lectures, Flipped classrooms
Scheduled learning and teaching activities18Practical work, Case Studies, Scenarios
Guided independent study240Reading, private study and revision


Formative assessment

Form of assessmentSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
6 x RadBench Image Interpretation TestsOne hour per test3, 6-8Auto feedback via RadBench
Inter-professional workshops2 hours5Verbal based on participation

Summative assessment (% of credit)

CourseworkWritten examsPractical exams

Details of summative assessment

Form of assessment% of creditSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
In Class Image Interpretation Test251 hour3, 6-8Marks returned and discussed in tutorials
Image Interpretation Examination251 hour3, 6-8iExeter and ELE
Pathology Examination (seen)502 hours1,2,4, 6-8iExeter and ELE


Details of re-assessment (where required by referral or deferral)

Original form of assessmentForm of re-assessmentILOs re-assessedTimescale for re-assessment
In Class Image Interpretation Test (25%)In Class Image Interpretation Test (1 hour)1 hourAugust examination period
Image Interpretation Examination (25%)Image Interpretation Examination (1 hour)1 hourAugust examination period
Pathology Examination (seen) (50%)Pathology Examination (seen) (2 hours)2 hoursAugust examination period

Re-assessment notes

Please refer to the TQA section on Referral/Deferral:


Indicative learning resources - Basic reading

Key Reference Texts:


  • Chan,O. 3rd edition (2013) ABC of Emergency Radiology. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 9781118495193 (e-book) or 9780470670934
  • Eisenberg R.L. and Johnson N.M. (2016), Comprehensive Radiographic Pathology (6th edition), Mosby, ISBN 9780323353243
  • Keats, T and Anderson, M.  2012.  Atlas of Normal Roentgen Variants that may Simulate Disease.  9th ed.  Elsevier.  ISBN: 9780323073554
  • Kumar,P & Clark,M. 9th Edition (2017) Clinical Medicine. Elsevier Saunders. ISBN 9780702066016 (pbk.) 
  • Raby N. (2014), Accident and Emergency Radiology - A Survival Guide (3rd edition), Saunders Ltd, ISBN 9780702042324
  • Tortora G.J. and Derrickson B. (2017), Principles of Anatomy and Physiology (15th edition), John Wiley, ISBN 9781119382928

Indicative learning resources - Web based and electronic resources

Web based and electronic resources:

Module has an active ELE page

Indicative learning resources - Other resources

  • Berman L, de Lacey G, Twomey E, Twomey B, Welch T, Eban R. (1985) Reducing errors in the accident department: a simple method using radiographers. BMJ; 290: 421–2.
  • Brealey S. (2001) Quality assurance in radiographic reporting: a proposed framework. Radiography. Nov 30;7(4):263-70
  • Health & Care Professions Council. Standards of Proficiency – Radiographers. Available at
  • Kowalczyk N. and Mace J.D. (2017), Radiographic Pathology for Technologists (7th edition), Mosby, ISBN 9780323675765
  • The Royal College of Radiologists. Clinical Examinations-FRCR. (2016). Available at
  • Royal College of Radiologists and Society and College of Radiographers (2018), The radiological investigation of suspected physical abuse in children, Society and College of Radiographers, Ref No. BFCR(17)4a
  • Society and College of Radiographers (2013), Preliminary Clinical Evaluation and Clinical Reporting by Radiographers: Policy and Practice Guidance, Society and College of Radiographers, ISBN  978-1-906225-36-0
  • Wright,C. & Reeves,P. (2016) Radbench: Developing Image Interpretation Skills. Radiography. P1-6 . http://
  • Wright,C. & Reeves,P. (2017) Image Interpretation Performance: A Longitudinal Study from Novice to Professional. Radiography. Volume 23, Issue 1, February 2017, e1–e7,

Key words search

Medical Imaging; Pathology; Diseases; Trauma; Contrast Agent; Mental Health; Image Interpretation; Anatomy

Credit value30
Module ECTS


Module pre-requisites


Module co-requisites


NQF level (module)


Available as distance learning?


Origin date


Last revision date