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Dr Andrew James Williams

Dr Andrew James Williams

Lecturer

+44(0)1872 258156

Knowledge Spa F098

My research interests lie in the social and environmental determinants of health and the use of routinely collected data. In particular I am interested in the public health applications of theories such as complexity theory and salutogenesis and examining the extent to which combining routinely collected data, appropriate statistical methods and theory can aid our understanding of social change and causality. Consequently, in September 2013 I took up a post within the Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research and Policy (www.scphrp.ac.uk) in which I developed and employed natural experiment approaches to evaluating policies and other interventions as part of the Farr Institute @ Scotland (www.farrinstitute.org).

One particularly novel stream of work with which I became involved at the Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research and Policy was evaluability assessments. Evaluability assessments have been described as a pre-evaluation activity designed to maximise the chances that any subsequent evaluations of programmes, practices or policies will result in useful information. As a collaboration with the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit and NHS Health Scotland I was involved with a number of evaluability assessments of national policies with the Scottish Government. Specifically, I worked with Peter Craig to provide the advice on specific evaluation methodologies.

I am currently evaluating the impact of the abolition of prescription fees in Scotland on hospital admissions. This is a Scotland-wide study linking data from the Scottish Morbidity Records and the Prescribing Information System in order to undertake an interrupted time series difference in differences evaluation. Alongside colleagues, I am seeking funding for a collaborative project with the Energy Saving Trust. It is proposed that we will examine the health co-benefits of household energy efficiency measures. These projects require an extensive knowledge of the circumstances in which unconsented data can be used and the subsequent analysis of large datasets. I am familiar with Stata and have when required used R.

Alongside these methodological research projects I have an interest in obesity and schools. Continuing to pursue the findings from my PhD I am interested in the development of obesity and its conceptualisation as a disease rather than a risk factor. I have specific expertise in the role of primary schools in the development of obesity, which has led to an interest in the role of primary schools in improving health and reducing inequalities more broadly, which I hope to pursue during my career.  I see that this is a fairly novel research area in which there is plenty of opportunity for expansion and useful cross-disciplinary research with colleagues in Education. In my experience any research on this topic would need to be interdisciplinary and in collaboration with local practitioners and policy makers in health and education. I will be pursuing these research activities and interest in my new role as a lecturer at the European Centre for the Environment and Human Health where my role mixes environmental epidemiology and intervention development and evaluation.

Qualifications

  • BMedSci
  • MPH
  • PhD

Research

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Key publications


Doi L, Williams AJ, Frank J (2016). How has child growth around adiposity rebound altered in Scotland since 1990 and what are the risk factors for weight gain using the Growing up in Scotland birth cohort 1?. BMC Public Health, 16(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Williams CA, Logan S, Henley WE (2015). Exploring the Potential of a School Impact on Pupil Weight Status: Exploratory Factor Analysis and Repeat Cross-Sectional Study of the National Child Measurement Programme. PLoS One, 10(12). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Williams CA, Logan S, Henley WE (2014). A repeated cross-sectional study examining the school impact on child weight status. Prev Med, 64, 103-107. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Williams AJ, Henley WE, Williams CA, Hurst AJ, Logan S, Wyatt KM (2013). Systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between childhood overweight and obesity and primary school diet and physical activity policies. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, 10 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Hurst AJ, Williams CA (2012). A systematic review of associations between the primary school built environment and childhood overweight and obesity. Health Place, 18(3), 504-514. Abstract.  Author URL.

Publications by category


Journal articles

Craig P, Rahm-Hallberg I, Britten N, Borglin G, Meyer G, Köpke S, Noyes J, Chandler J, Levati S, Sales A, et al (2016). Erratum to: Researching Complex Interventions in Health: the State of the Art. BMC Health Serv Res, 16(1). Author URL.  Full text.
Doi L, Williams AJ, Frank J (2016). How has child growth around adiposity rebound altered in Scotland since 1990 and what are the risk factors for weight gain using the Growing up in Scotland birth cohort 1?. BMC Public Health, 16(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
(2016). Researching Complex Interventions in Health: the State of the Art : Exeter, UK. 14-15 October 2015. BMC Health Serv Res, 16 Suppl 1 Author URL.  Full text.
Atherton IM, Lynch E, Williams AJ, Witham MD (2015). Barriers and Solutions to Linking and Using Health and Social Care Data in Scotland. BRITISH JOURNAL OF SOCIAL WORK, 45(5), 1614-1622. Author URL.
Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Williams CA, Logan S, Henley WE (2015). Exploring the Potential of a School Impact on Pupil Weight Status: Exploratory Factor Analysis and Repeat Cross-Sectional Study of the National Child Measurement Programme. PLoS One, 10(12). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Frank J, Bromley C, Doi L, Estrade M, Jepson R, McAteer J, Robertson T, Treanor M, Williams A (2015). Seven key investments for health equity across the lifecourse: Scotland versus the rest of the UK. Soc Sci Med, 140, 136-146. Abstract.  Author URL.
Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Williams CA, Logan S, Henley WE (2014). A repeated cross-sectional study examining the school impact on child weight status. Prev Med, 64, 103-107. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Williams AJ, Henley WE, Williams CA, Hurst AJ, Logan S, Wyatt KM (2013). Systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between childhood overweight and obesity and primary school diet and physical activity policies. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, 10 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Hurst AJ, Williams CA (2012). A systematic review of associations between the primary school built environment and childhood overweight and obesity. Health Place, 18(3), 504-514. Abstract.  Author URL.

Conferences

Doi L, Williams AJ, Frank J (2016). Growth trajectories and their associated risk factors among children in Scotland.  Author URL.
Doi L, Williams AJ, Frank J (2016). Growth trajectories and their associated risk factors among children in Scotland.  Author URL.

Reports

Beaton M, Craig N, Wimbush E, Craig P, Katikireddi V, Jepson R, Williams AJ (2014). Evaluability assessment of free school meals for all children in P1 to P3. Edinburgh, NHS Health Scotland. NHS Health Scotland,  Edinburgh, NHS Health Scotland. 0 pages.

Publications by year


2016

Craig P, Rahm-Hallberg I, Britten N, Borglin G, Meyer G, Köpke S, Noyes J, Chandler J, Levati S, Sales A, et al (2016). Erratum to: Researching Complex Interventions in Health: the State of the Art. BMC Health Serv Res, 16(1). Author URL.  Full text.
Doi L, Williams AJ, Frank J (2016). Growth trajectories and their associated risk factors among children in Scotland.  Author URL.
Doi L, Williams AJ, Frank J (2016). Growth trajectories and their associated risk factors among children in Scotland.  Author URL.
Doi L, Williams AJ, Frank J (2016). How has child growth around adiposity rebound altered in Scotland since 1990 and what are the risk factors for weight gain using the Growing up in Scotland birth cohort 1?. BMC Public Health, 16(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
(2016). Researching Complex Interventions in Health: the State of the Art : Exeter, UK. 14-15 October 2015. BMC Health Serv Res, 16 Suppl 1 Author URL.  Full text.

2015

Atherton IM, Lynch E, Williams AJ, Witham MD (2015). Barriers and Solutions to Linking and Using Health and Social Care Data in Scotland. BRITISH JOURNAL OF SOCIAL WORK, 45(5), 1614-1622. Author URL.
Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Williams CA, Logan S, Henley WE (2015). Exploring the Potential of a School Impact on Pupil Weight Status: Exploratory Factor Analysis and Repeat Cross-Sectional Study of the National Child Measurement Programme. PLoS One, 10(12). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Frank J, Bromley C, Doi L, Estrade M, Jepson R, McAteer J, Robertson T, Treanor M, Williams A (2015). Seven key investments for health equity across the lifecourse: Scotland versus the rest of the UK. Soc Sci Med, 140, 136-146. Abstract.  Author URL.

2014

Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Williams CA, Logan S, Henley WE (2014). A repeated cross-sectional study examining the school impact on child weight status. Prev Med, 64, 103-107. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Williams AJ (2014). Determination of school-based contextual factors and their associations with the prevalence of overweight and obese children.  Abstract.
Beaton M, Craig N, Wimbush E, Craig P, Katikireddi V, Jepson R, Williams AJ (2014). Evaluability assessment of free school meals for all children in P1 to P3. Edinburgh, NHS Health Scotland. NHS Health Scotland,  Edinburgh, NHS Health Scotland. 0 pages.

2013

Williams AJ, Henley WE, Williams CA, Hurst AJ, Logan S, Wyatt KM (2013). Systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between childhood overweight and obesity and primary school diet and physical activity policies. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, 10 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.

2012

Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Hurst AJ, Williams CA (2012). A systematic review of associations between the primary school built environment and childhood overweight and obesity. Health Place, 18(3), 504-514. Abstract.  Author URL.

Committee/panel activities

2015-present – Radical Statistics group (http://www.radstats.org.uk/) troika member


Invited lectures

October 2015 – ‘Evaluation gone wild: using natural experimental approaches to evaluate complex interventions’ at Researching complex interventions in health: the state of the art, University of Exeter (organised by David Richards and Ingalill Rahm-Hallberg).


Media Coverage

2014-present – Royal Statistical Society Statistical Ambassador (https://www.statslife.org.uk/features/1959-rss-holds-first-training-day-for-new-statistical-ambassadors)

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