Practice Foundations 3
|Module title||Practice Foundations 3|
Dr Christine Heales (Lecturer)
Please see note below
|Number students taking module (anticipated)|
Description - summary of the module content
Please note that Degree Apprenticeship programmes have variable start dates and modules are taught across the full year.
The aim of this module is to, in negotiation with your employer, prepare you for practice. You will build on your prior knowledge and clinical experience to deepen your understanding of a particular aspect of radiographic practice. You will work under supervision, in this negotiated area, becoming an integral member of the multi-professional healthcare team.
The module commences with an attendance block at the University of Exeter with an emphasis on face-to-face learning. The module then runs over a 12 month period with two further block attendances across the year for further face-to-face learning. In the non-block weeks there will be protected ‘off the job’ learning (one day (7.5 hours) per week) supported by e-learning materials provided by the academic team. The full calendar of activities and assessment will be made available via the handbook. Annual leave may be booked in accordance with the requirements laid out in the handbook.
Module aims - intentions of the module
This module aims to develop your knowledge base and skills in an employer negotiated area of clinical practice.
During this module you will gain in-depth knowledge and skills in the specified area / modality. You will have responsibility for organising your working day and liaising with staff in the area to ensure you gain the requisite range of clinical competence with a focus on holistic, compassionate care.
Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs)
ILO: Module-specific skills
On successfully completing the module you will be able to...
- 1. Practice safely and effectively within the scope of this placement, demonstrating competence in equipment handling, infection control, radiographic positioning, patient immobilisation, manual handling, optimal exposure selection, image acquisition.
- 2. Care for and communicate with patients appropriately, demonstrating a duty of care and awareness of legal and ethical professional boundaries including confidentiality.
- 3. Describe and implement radiation protection (or other safety) measures (including patient identification, interpreting referral information, and ensuring appropriate use of medical imaging) as appropriate to the area of practice
- 4. Evaluate medical images encountered within the scope of this placement using a recognised methodology, identifying normal, developmental and anatomical variant anatomy, assessing image quality and taking corrective action, using abnormality alerts as per departmental protocol.
- 5. Demonstrate the ability to assess, monitor and care for patients, before during and after medical imaging procedures, and be able to recognise the deteriorating patient and have the skills and knowledge to undertake basic life support.
ILO: Discipline-specific skills
On successfully completing the module you will be able to...
- 6. Demonstrate ability to further develop skills and knowledge by reflecting on clinical experience and identifying strengths and areas for further learning.
- 7. Maintain accurate records, meeting professional requirements, as well as an individual learning journal.
ILO: Personal and key skills
On successfully completing the module you will be able to...
- 8. Contribute positively to the placement department, working in partnership with service users, work effectively with other professions and professionals, support staff and others, ensure effective management of caseload and resources.
- 9. Practice within limits of own competence seeking advice as appropriate, accepting responsibility for decisions made.
- 10. Solve problems using knowledge, experience and personal initiative.
Whilst the module’s precise content may vary from year to year, an example of an overall structure is as follows:
As relevant to the negotiated area of practice
SAFE AND EFFECTIVE PRACTICE
Positioning, and patient immobilisation for imaging including modification of technique to meet patient needs and supplementary projections for the negotiated area of practice.
Optimal exposure selection and imaging acquisition in the negotiated area of practice.
Image assessment (according to the department’s recognised methodologyl) and evaluation including escalation of unexpected findings
Operate equipment accurately, working safely, manage hazards and risks in accordance with health and safety legislation.
Safe and effective manual handling.
Principles underpinning infection control and management of waste and spills.
Infection control principles in practice, including use of personal protective equipment.
Aseptic technique and / or sterile environment (as it applies to the negotiated area of practice).
Applicable health and safety legislation, and relevant safety policies and procedures including incident reporting.
Safety considerations associated with the use of contrast media and other medicines used in imaging as relevant to the negotiated area of practice.
COMMUNICATION AND SAFEGUARDING
Identify patients and, providing appropriate information, gain informed consent.
Procedures to be followed when consent cannot be obtained.
Adaption of communication with patients appropriately, e.g. paediatrics,
Respect, dignity values and autonomy
Care and communication with, patients accounting for factors such as age, culture, ethnicity, gender, socio-economic status and spiritual / religious beliefs.
Ethical issues, including confidentiality, limits of confidentiality and to acting in the best interests of service users at all times.
Raising concerns and Information sharing to safeguard individuals or wider public.
Emotional intelligence, empathy, compassion and emotional resilience
RADIATION PROTECTION / SAFETY
Patient identification, including of patients unable to identify themselves
Local justification criteria, clinical priorities based on urgency of clinical conditions
Explanation and implementation of radiation protection or other safety measures, appropriate to the negotiated area of practice, showing awareness of current legislation and local application in the environments encountered within this placement.
Risk benefit to ensure individual patient exposure is appropriate.
Processing and software used for imaging viewing.
Normal, developmental and anatomical-variant radiographic anatomy
Common pathology demonstrated on the range of images encountered within the negotiated area of placement.
Assessment (using the epartment’s recognised methodology) and evaluation of images
Identification of images of poor diagnostic quality and corrective action.
Identification of the need for further projections.
Processes for escalation in the case of unexpected findings including use of abnormality alerts as appropriate
Recognition of a deteriorating patient
Skills and knowledge to undertake basic life support.
Assessment, monitoring and care for the service user before, during and after medical imaging procedures
Removal and reapplication of supports and dressings.
Principles of information governance and related legislation (GDPR) as it relates to healthcare in practice.
Maintenance of accurate and up-to-date records
Relevance and application of the negotiated area of practice in order to advise other healthcare professionals in relation to the patient's needs.
Professional relationships, both as an independent practitioner and as part of a team.
Resources to ensure safe, effective practice.
Interprofessional teams working in different environments including the ward setting, theatres, and within the radiology department and attendance at MDT
Personal professional behaviour (honesty, integrity, respect, character as per HCPC Code of Conduct)
SCOPE OF PRACTICE
Limits of own practice, seek advice as appropriate.
Fitness to practice (physical, mental), seeking advice and guidance, actions to be taken in case of change of circumstance
PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS.
Resolution of problems by using knowledge, experience and personal initiative.
Decisions making in regards to whether to undertake, cease or modify imaging examinations
Professional responsibility in decision making.
Learning and teaching
Learning activities and teaching methods (given in hours of study time)
|Scheduled Learning and Teaching Activities||Guided independent study||Placement / study abroad|
Details of learning activities and teaching methods
|Category||Hours of study time||Description|
|Scheduled learning and teaching activities||18||18 x 1 hour e-learning resources|
|Scheduled learning and teaching activities||10||10 x 1 hour tutorials|
|Guided independent study||30||Directed, private study and revision|
|Placement||516||2 x 7.5 hour days per week over 9 months in negotiated area of practice (minus leave, study blocks, assessment windows) as per placement guidance and contract with employer|
|This module is delivered as part of an integrated degree apprenticeship programme. The total required study hours for the programme have been designed in accordance with the ESFA regulations.|
|Form of assessment||Size of the assessment (eg length / duration)||ILOs assessed||Feedback method|
|Tutorial discussions||30 minutes||1-10||Oral|
Summative assessment (% of credit)
|Coursework||Written exams||Practical exams|
Details of summative assessment
|Form of assessment||% of credit||Size of the assessment (eg length / duration)||ILOs assessed||Feedback method|
|Case study 1||25||1500 words||1-10||Written|
|Case study 2||25||1500 words||1-10||Written|
|Professional discussion of portfolio (viva) 1||25||30 minutes||1-10||Written|
|Professional discussion of portfolio (viva) 2||25||30 minutes||1-10||Written|
Details of re-assessment (where required by referral or deferral)
|Original form of assessment||Form of re-assessment||ILOs re-assessed||Timescale for re-assessment|
|Case study 1 (25%)||Case study 1 (1500 words)||1-10||6 weeks after exam board (January / February reassessment week)|
|Case study 2 (25%)||Case study 2 (1500 words)||1-10||6 weeks after exam board (January / February reassessment week)|
|Professional discussion of portfolio viva) 1 (25%)||Professional discussion of portfolio 1 (viva) (30 minutes)||1-10||6 weeks after exam board (January / February reassessment week)|
|Professional discussion of portfolio (viva) 2 (25%)||Professional discussion of portfolio 2 (viva) (30 minutes)||1-10||6 weeks after exam board (January / February reassessment week)|
This programme runs to a non-standard timetable; assessment weeks and Assessment, Progression & Awarding Committees (APACs) for both initial and deferred assessments are held as per the programme’s published timetable.
Indicative learning resources - Basic reading
- Carlton R.R. and Adler A.M. (2013), Radiographic Imaging Concepts and Principles (5th edition), Delmar, ISBN 1473720524
- McConnell J., Eyres R. and Nightingale J. (2005), Interpreting Trauma Radiographs, Blackwell, ISBN 1-4051-1534
Indicative learning resources - Web based and electronic resources
- UK Statutory Instruments (2017), Ionising Radiation Regulations 2017, The Stationary Office, Available from https://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2017/1075/contents/made,
- UK Statutory Instruments (2017), The Ionising Radiation (Medical Exposure) Regulations 2017, The Stationery Office, Available from http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2017/1322/made,
- UK Statutory Instruments (2018), The Ionising Radiation (Medical Exposure) (Amendment) Regulations 2018, The Stationary Office, Available from http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2018/121/contents/made,
- The Health & Safety Executive (2018), Work with Ionising Radiation. Ionising Radiations Regulations 2017: Approved Code of Practice and Guidance, HSE Books, ISBN 9780717666621,
- Society and College of Radiographers (2013), Preliminary Clinical Evaluation and Clinical Reporting by Radiographers: Policy and Practice Guidance, Society and College of Radiographers, ISBN 978-1-906225-36-0
Module has an active ELE page
Indicative learning resources - Other resources
- Carter C. and Veale B. (2013), Digital Radiography and PACS (2nd edition), Mosby Elsevier, ISBN 978-0323086448
- Johns C. (2013), Becoming a Reflective Practitioner (4th edition), Wiley-Blackwell, ISBN 9780470674260
- Code of Professional Conduct, College of Radiographers (2013), Society and College of Radiographers,https://www.sor.org/
- Principles for continuing professional development and lifelong learning in health and social care, Society and College of Radiographers, https://www.sor.org/
- Obtaining consent: a clinical guideline for the diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy workforce, Society and College of Radiographers, https://www.sor.org/
- Raby N. (2014), Accident and Emergency Radiology - A Survival Guide (3rd edition), Saunders Ltd, ISBN 9780702042324
- Guidance on mental capacity decisions in diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy, Society and College of Radiographers https://www.sor.org/
- Blake G., Wahner H.W. and Fogelman I. (1998), The Evaluation of Osteoporosis: Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry in Clinical Practice (2nd edition), CRC Press, ISBN 978-1853174728
- R Kowalczyk N. and Mace J.D. (2017), Radiographic Pathology for Technologists (7th edition), Mosby, ISBN 9780323675765, electronic version also available
- Kim, E. (2012), Handbook of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging: principles and clinical applications, World Scientific, ISBN 9789814366236
- Kremkau F.W. (2016), Sonography: Principles and Instruments (9th edition), Saunders, ISBN 978-0323322713
- McRobbie D.W. et al. (2017), MRI from Picture to Proton (3rd edition), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9781107706958
- Powsner R.A. Palmer M.R. and Powsner E.R (2013), Essentials of Nuclear Medicine Physics (3rd edition)., Wiley Blackwell, ISBN 978-0470905500
- Society and College of Radiographers (2019), Safety in Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Society and College of Radiographers, ISBN 978-1-909802-31-5
- Westbrook C. (2018), MRI in Practice (5th edition), Wiley Blackwell, ISBN 978-1-119-39196-8
RAD2001DA, RAD2003DA, RAD2004DA
|NQF level (module)|
|Available as distance learning?|
|Last revision date|