Medicine, Nursing and Allied Health Professions


Applied Radiographic Knowledge (ARK) 3

Module titleApplied Radiographic Knowledge (ARK) 3
Module codeRAD3001DA
Academic year2021/2
Module staff

Dr Clare Thorn (Convenor)

Ms Hazel Harries-jones (Convenor)

Duration: Term123
Duration: Weeks

Please see note below

Number students taking module (anticipated)


Description - summary of the module content

Module description

Please note that Degree Apprenticeship programmes have variable start dates and modules are taught across the full year. 

The aim of this module is to consolidate your prior learning and to prepare you for practice.  You will deepen your understanding of the digital image processes that underpin all medical imaging modalities. You will apply your knowledge base, relating this to clinical practice, to describe safe practice, including legislative frameworks, for the administration of contrast agents and medicines used in imaging. You will build upon your prior knowledge of pathologies as shown on medical imaging to develop the fundamental skills that underpin image comment writing as required for registration with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC).  

The module commences with an attendance block at the University of Exeter with an emphasis on face-to-face learning. The module then runs over a 12 month period with two further block attendances across the year for further face-to-face learning. In the non-block weeks there will be protected ‘off the job’ learning (one day (7.5 hours) per week) supported by e-learning materials provided by the academic team. The full calendar of activities and assessment will be made available via the handbook. Annual leave may be booked in accordance with the requirements laid out in the handbook. 

Module aims - intentions of the module

The module builds on your prior scientific understanding and aims to prepare you for practice. 

During this module you will deepen your understanding of digital imaging, including considerations around safe use (including confidentiality considerations and security) as well as understanding system specifications and their implications for practice. Having previously learned about the role and mechanism of contrast media and medicines used in imaging, you will now learn about the legislative framework and screening processes that ensure their safe use in practice. You will build upon your knowledge of normal anatomy, anatomical variants and pathology as seen on medical images by developing skills in image interpretation and image comment writing (skeletal radiographs).

Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs)

ILO: Module-specific skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 1. Demonstrate awareness of current developments and trends in the science of medical imaging, and how these might impact upon practice
  • 2. Demonstrate knowledge of digital imaging systems – specifications, security and applications
  • 3. Demonstrate understanding of the implications of image perception in relation to image evaluation and interpretation in medical imaging.
  • 4. Identify and demonstrate knowledge of abnormalities of the skeletal system and identify basic abnormalities of the appendicular and axial systems
  • 5. Identify and demonstrate knowledge of abnormalities of the skeletal system (preliminary clinical evaluation) and identify basic abnormalities of the chest and abdomen and trauma contrast examinations, as seen on projection radiography
  • 6. Apply to practice knowledge of the legislative framework and local implementation to ensure the safe use of contrast media, radiopharmaceuticals and medicines used in imaging

ILO: Discipline-specific skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 7. Demonstrate reasoning and mathematical skills to support Level 6 work
  • 8. Use appropriate sources of information to develop own knowledge

ILO: Personal and key skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 9. Manage time and prioritise workloads
  • 10. Demonstrate problem solving skills

Syllabus plan

Syllabus plan

Whilst the module’s precise content may vary from year to year, an example of an overall structure is as follows:



Potential impact on practice (service level and individual) of current developments and trends

Recognition of need to change practice due to new developments, technologies, and service need



Equipment specifications and impact upon digital imaging system performance

Digital imaging manipulation tools (commonly used post-processing applications) and image co-registration


Developments in digital imaging e.g. computerised pattern recognition



Spatial and grey scale resolution, colour scales, colour display

Implications of image perception in relation to image evaluation and interpretation in medical imaging

Practical considerations of imaging viewing (ambient light, viewing distance, monitor display, time, distractions etc)

Detection of pathology, sensitivity, specificity, predictive value, discrimination index, ROC curves




Normal radiographic anatomy including developmental anatomy and common anatomical variants - appendicular skeleton

Normal radiographic anatomy - axial skeleton, chest and abdomen

Preliminary Clinical Evaluation / Image Evaluation – as seen on projection radiography

Identification of common abnormalities of the appendicular skeleton

Identification of common abnormalities of the axial skeleton as seen

Identification of basic abnormalities of the chest and abdomen as seen

Identification of basic abnormalities in limited contrast examinations in line with those undertaken in an emergency setting

Use of correct terminology to describe image findings

Practical exercises in image interpretation



Legislative framework for radiographers administering contrast media, radiopharmaceuticals and medicines used in imaging

Measures in place to ensure safe use of contrast media, radiopharmaceuticals and medicines used in imaging

Typical screening checks to identify risk factors for adverse reactions, associated actions

Anaphylaxis and other adverse events – identifying signs, recognition and treatment



Advanced mathematical skills

Statistical concepts, distributions, variances, uncertainty

Learning and teaching

Learning activities and teaching methods (given in hours of study time)

Scheduled Learning and Teaching ActivitiesGuided independent studyPlacement / study abroad

Details of learning activities and teaching methods

CategoryHours of study timeDescription
Scheduled learning and teaching activities99 x 1 hour lectures
Scheduled learning and teaching activities93 x 3 hour practical sessions in lab
Scheduled learning and teaching activities4040 x 1 hour e-learning resources
Guided independent study29Directed reading, private study and revision
This module is delivered as part of an integrated degree apprenticeship programme. The total required study hours for the programme have been designed in accordance with the ESFA regulations.


Formative assessment

Form of assessmentSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
Progress Tests 3 x 2 hours 1-10Oral

Summative assessment (% of credit)

CourseworkWritten examsPractical exams

Details of summative assessment

Form of assessment% of creditSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
Examination (MCQ)1002 hours (120 questions)1-10Written


Details of re-assessment (where required by referral or deferral)

Original form of assessmentForm of re-assessmentILOs re-assessedTimescale for re-assessment
Examination (MCQ)Examination (MCQ)1-106 weeks after mark release

Re-assessment notes

This programme runs to a non-standard timetable; assessment weeks and Assessment, Progression & Awarding Committees (APACs) for both initial and deferred assessments are held as per the programme’s published timetable.

* The aim of progress-testing is deep learning and long-term retention of material.  Each progress test assessment therefore includes questions from all of the Applied Radiographic Knowledge modules: RAD1001DA, RAD2001DA and RAD3001DA. Each assessment contains an equal number of questions from each module and the pass mark is scaled to reflect the proportion of the curriculum taught at the stage of assessment. Please refer to the 'Assessment’ section on the ‘Diagnostic Radiographer - Programme Information’ ELE page for further details about scaling.


Indicative learning resources - Basic reading

  • Principles and Applications of Radiological Physics, Graham D.T., Cloke P. and Vosper M. (2011), (6th edition), Churchill Livingstone, ISBNA 978-0-702-04309-3 (UL:  610.28 GRA) electronic version also available
  • Comprehensive Radiographic Pathology, Eisenberg R.L. and Johnson N.M. (2012), (5th edition), Mosby, ISBNA 978-03230-7847-4 (UL:616.0757 EIS) electronic version also available
  • Radiographic Imaging Concepts and Principles, Carlton R.R. and Adler A.M. (2013), (5th edition), Delmar, ISBNA 9-781-11131-081-3 (UL: 616.07572 CAR) electronic version also available

Module has an active ELE page

Indicative learning resources - Other resources

  • Textbook of Radiographic Positioning and Related Anatomy, Bontrager K.L. (2010), (7th edition), Mosby, ISBNA 0-323-05410-2 (UL:616.0757 BON/X) electronic version also available.
  • Radiographic Pathology for Technologists, Kowalczyk N. and Mace J.D. (2009), (5th edition), Mosby, ISBNA 0-323-04887-0 (UL: 616.0757 KOW) electronic version also available
  • Accident and Emergency Radiology - A Survival Guide, Raby N. (2009), Saunders Ltd, ISBNA 0-702-02667-0 (UL: 616.0757 RAB) electronic version also available
  • Preliminary Clinical Evaluation and Clinical Reporting by Radiographers: Policy and Practice Guidance, College of Radiographers (2013), Society and College of Radiographers,
  • Digital Image Processing, Gonzalez R.C. and Woods R.E. (2018), (4th edition), Pearson Education, ISBNA 0-13-094650-8 (UL: 001.534 GON)

Key words search

Medical Imaging; Digital Imaging, Image Interpretation, Image Commenting

Credit value30
Module ECTS


Module pre-requisites

RAD2001DA, RAD2003DA, RAD2004DA

Module co-requisites

RAD3003DA, RAD3004DA

NQF level (module)


Available as distance learning?


Origin date


Last revision date