Practice Foundations 2
|Module title||Practice Foundations 2|
Dr Christine Heales (Convenor)
Please see note below*
|Number students taking module (anticipated)|
Description - summary of the module content
*Please note that Degree Apprenticeship programmes have variable start dates and modules are taught across the full year.
This module provides a practical learning environment in which you will apply theory in practice. In this module you will experience clinical and technical aspects involved in a range of modalities including both ionising and non-ionising radiation. You will learn about safe practice and the use of contrast media in these areas. You will also learn about common pathologies encountered in the clinical environment and the relative roles of the various modalities for demonstrating these conditions.
The module commences with an attendance block at the University of Exeter with an emphasis on face-to-face learning. The module then runs over a 12 month period with two further block attendances across the year for further face-to-face learning. In the non-block weeks there will be protected ‘off the job’ learning (one day (7.5 hours) per week) supported by e-learning materials provided by the academic team. The full calendar of activities and assessment will be made available via the handbook. Annual leave may be booked in accordance with the requirements laid out in the handbook.
Module aims - intentions of the module
The aim of this work-based module is to enable you to develop knowledge of the essential applied science and technology that underpins medical imaging modalities in the practice setting.
This work based module provides practical experiences that will directly support the further development of your underpinning knowledge base. You will apply the theoretical knowledge you are gaining in RAD2001DA and RAD2002DA within the practice setting. You will apply the physics knowledge so as to understand the wide range of modalities used in medical imaging, including equipment and room design and safe practice. You will learn how quality assurance processes are used to ensure safe practice. You will apply your knowledge of pathology to identify common abnormalities on medical images and will gain understanding of comparative imaging.
Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs)
ILO: Module-specific skills
On successfully completing the module you will be able to...
- 1. Explain systems and processes in place to ensure acceptably functioning equipment and quality management in imaging departments.
- 2. Explain equipment design and room layout for DXA, dental, mammography, MRI, RNI, US, CT
- 3. Explain the scope of applications, constraints, and legislative framework for the use of both ionising and non-ionising radiation in medicine.
- 4. Demonstrate understanding of how image appearances influence the patient pathway for common pathologies and foreign objects (implanted devices and foreign bodies) and how to escalate in case of unexpected findings
- 5. Explain how to adapt level of patient care to patient need, including assessment of patient, and providing information at an appropriate level in a suitable format
ILO: Discipline-specific skills
On successfully completing the module you will be able to...
- 6. Demonstrate ability to further develop skills and knowledge by reflecting on clinical experience and identify strengths and areas for further learning.
- 7. Use patient records from a range of sources to ensure appropriate choice of imaging.
ILO: Personal and key skills
On successfully completing the module you will be able to...
- 8. Contribute positively to the placement department, working in partnership with service users, work effectively with other professions and professionals, support staff and others, ensure effective management of caseload and resources.
- 9. Practice within limits of own competence seeking advice as appropriate, accepting responsibility for decisions made.
- 10. With some guidance, solve problems using knowledge, experience and personal initiative.
Whilst the module’s precise content may vary from year to year, an example of an overall structure is as follows:
It is expected that apprentices will undertake basic life support, manual handling, fire safety and other annual Trust requirements as part of their employment contract, and as such these requirements are not, therefore, stipulated here. As a condition of employment, apprentices must abide by their employers’ policies and procedures and as such this is not stipulated within the syllabus.
QA tests typically undertaken in for RNI, MRI, US and CT
Recognise when x-imaging equipment is not functioning accurately / within specification and take appropriate action
Role of audit and review in quality management including appropriate outcome measures
Participate in departmental audit and review (quality management)
Participate in reject analysis
EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY
2D techniques – range of techniques, advantages, limitations, relative role and basic image evaluation
Dual energy x-ray absorption (DXA).
Interventional including treatment
3D techniques (ionising) – range of techniques, advantages, limitations, relative role and basic image evaluation
Computed Tomography (CT)
Other modalities - range of techniques, advantages, limitations, relative role and basic image evaluation
Radionuclide Imaging (RNI), 2D, 3D
Positron Emission Tomography (+/- CT)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
RADIATION PROTECTION AND SAFETY IN IMAGING MODALTIES
Potential hazards and the design, systems and governance in practice for safe working in all imaging modalities
Identify common pathologies and foreign objects (implanted devices and foreign bodies) on medical images found in practice
Patient pathway in relation to common pathologies and foreign objects (implanted devices and foreign bodies) found on medical images in practice e.g. clinical indications, associated complications, cause of image appearances, typical treatments
Relative role of the range of modalities in relation to common pathologies and foreign objects (implanted devices and foreign bodies) found on medical images in practice.Process for escalation in case of unexpected findings
Undertake and record patient assessment
Prepare and provide information about medical imaging procedures, in a range of formats, appropriate to the needs of a diverse patient population
CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Reflection on clinical experience and identifying personal strengths and areas for further learning.
Reflection on own impact on others.
Begin a personal and professional portfolio as a basis for future CPD
INFORMATON AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES
Information and communication technologies available to view images, retrieve and record patient information
Patient history retrieval from a range of software applications and paper records (clinical records, prior imaging, test results and dose records) to ensure appropriate choice of imaging.
Work in partnership with service users.
Work effectively with other professions and professionals, support staff and others.
SCOPE OF PRACTICE
Practice within limits of own practice
Seek advice as appropriate.
PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS.
Justification of decisions taken in relation whether to initiate, continue, modify or cease medical imaging examinations.
Resolution of problems by using knowledge, experience and personal initiative - under guidance
Learning and teaching
Learning activities and teaching methods (given in hours of study time)
|Scheduled Learning and Teaching Activities||Guided independent study||Placement / study abroad|
Details of learning activities and teaching methods
|Category||Hours of study time||Description|
|Scheduled learning and teaching activities||9||9 x 1 hour lectures|
|Scheduled learning and teaching activities||9||3 x 3 hour practicals|
|Scheduled learning and teaching activities||10||10 x 1 hour tutorials|
|Scheduled learning and teaching activities||20||20 x 1 hour e-learning resources|
|Guided independent study||39||Directed reading, private study and revision|
|Placement||696||2 x 7.5 hour days per week (minus leave, study blocks, assessment windows) as per placement guidance and contract with employer|
|This module is delivered as part of an integrated degree apprenticeship programme. The total required study hours for the programme have been designed in accordance with the ESFA regulations.|
|Form of assessment||Size of the assessment (eg length / duration)||ILOs assessed||Feedback method|
|Tutorial discussions||30 minutes||1-10||Oral|
|Practice computer based assessments (as part of e-learning activities)||60 minutes||4||Written|
Summative assessment (% of credit)
|Coursework||Written exams||Practical exams|
Details of summative assessment
|Form of assessment||% of credit||Size of the assessment (eg length / duration)||ILOs assessed||Feedback method|
|Computer based assessment 1 (medical images)||25||90 minutes||4||Written|
|Computer based assessment 2 (medical images)||25||90 minutes||4||Written|
|Professional discussion of portfolio (Viva) 1||25||30 minutes||1-10||Written|
|Professional discussion of portfolio (Viva) 2||25||30 minutes||1-10||Written|
Details of re-assessment (where required by referral or deferral)
|Original form of assessment||Form of re-assessment||ILOs re-assessed||Timescale for re-assessment|
|Computer based assessment 1 (medical images)||Computer based assessment 1(radiographic images)(90 min)||4||6 weeks after deferred assessment (January / February reassessment week)|
|Computer based assessment 2 (medical images)||Computer based assessment 2 (radiographic images)(90 min)||4||6 weeks after deferred assessment (January / February reassessment week)|
|Professional discussion of portfolio (Viva) 1||Professional discussion of portfolio 1(Viva)(30 min)||1-10||6 weeks after deferred assessment (January / February reassessment week)|
|Professional discussion of portfolio (Viva)||Professional discussion of portfolio 2(Viva)(30 min)||1-10||6 weeks after deferred assessment (January / February reassessment week)|
This programme runs to a non-standard timetable, assessment weeks and Assessment, Progression & Awarding Committees (APACs) for both initial and deferred assessments are held as per the programme’s published timetable.
Indicative learning resources - Basic reading
- Carlton R.R. and Adler A.M. (2013), Radiographic Imaging Concepts and Principles (5th edition), Delmar, ISBN 1473720524
- McQuillen Marten (2019) Radiographic Image Analysis 5th edition ISBN 978-0-323-52281-6
- McQuillen Marten (2019) Radiographic Image Analysis workbook ISBN 978-0-323-54463-4
Indicative learning resources - Web based and electronic resources
- UK Statutory Instruments (2017), Ionising Radiation Regulations 2017, The Stationary Office, Available from https://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2017/1075/contents/made,
- UK Statutory Instruments (2017), The Ionising Radiation (Medical Exposure) Regulations 2017, The Stationery Office, Available from http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2017/1322/made,
- UK Statutory Instruments (2018), The Ionising Radiation (Medical Exposure) (Amendment) Regulations 2018, The Stationary Office, Available from http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2018/121/contents/made,
- The Health & Safety Executive (2018), Work with Ionising Radiation. Ionising Radiations Regulations 2017: Approved Code of Practice and Guidance, HSE Books, ISBN 9780717666621,
Module has an active ELE page
Indicative learning resources - Other resources
- Carter C. and Veale B. (2013), Digital Radiography and PACS (2nd edition), Mosby Elsevier, ISBN 978-0323086448
- Blake G., Wahner H.W. and Fogelman I. (1998), The Evaluation of Osteoporosis: Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry in Clinical Practice (2nd edition), CRC Press, ISBN 978-1853174728
- R Kowalczyk N. and Mace J.D. (2017), Radiographic Pathology for Technologists (7th edition), Mosby, ISBN 9780323675765, electronic version also available
- Kim, E. (2012), Handbook of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging: principles and clinical applications, World Scientific, ISBN 9789814366236
- Kremkau F.W. (2016), Sonography: Principles and Instruments (9th edition), Saunders, ISBN 978-0323322713
- McRobbie D.W. et al. (2017), MRI from Picture to Proton (3rd edition), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9781107706958
- Powsner R.A. Palmer M.R. and Powsner E.R (2013), Essentials of Nuclear Medicine Physics (3rd edition)., Wiley Blackwell, ISBN 978-0470905500
- Society and College of Radiographers (2019), Safety in Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Society and College of Radiographers, ISBN 978-1-909802-31-5
- Westbrook C. (2018), MRI in Practice (5th edition), Wiley Blackwell, ISBN 978-1-119-39196-8
- Johns C. (2013), Becoming a Reflective Practitioner (4th edition), Wiley-Blackwell, ISBN 9780470674260
- Code of Professional Conduct, College of Radiographers (2013), Society and College of Radiographers, https://www.sor.org/
- Principles for continuing professional development and lifelong learning in health and social care, Society and College of Radiographers, https://www.sor.org/
- Obtaining consent: a clinical guideline for the diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy workforce, Society and College of Radiographers, https://www.sor.org/
- Guidance on mental capacity decisions in diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy, Society and College of Radiographers https://www.sor.org/
RAD1001DA, RAD1002DA, RAD1003DA, RAD1004DA
|NQF level (module)|
|Available as distance learning?|
|Last revision date|