Medicine, Nursing and Allied Health Professions


Axial Skeletal Reporting

Module titleAxial Skeletal Reporting
Module codePAMM103
Academic year2020/1
Module staff

Ms Lucy Banfield (Convenor)

Duration: Term123
Duration: Weeks




Number students taking module (anticipated)


Description - summary of the module content

Module description

This module will enhance your understanding and knowledge of the axial skeleton and will develop your image interpretation skills in order to provide accurate written reports. It will allow for a comprehensive understanding of axial skeletal trauma and will allow for either application of the knowledge gained in the musculoskeletal pathology module, or revision of prior learning. 

Students undertaking this module should be familiar with projection radiography images and be a registered healthcare professional. You will be required to hold employment in a healthcare setting where you have access to images and mentorship for the reporting aspects. You will also be required to demonstrate HCPC registration.


Module aims - intentions of the module

This module aims to support you in the development of your knowledge of the axial skeleton. This module will introduce the you to  mechanism of injury and will enable you to identify the radiological appearances of trauma commonly associated with the axial skeleton. The module will also consolidate knowledge and understanding of various musculoskeletal pathologies in addition to normal variants. 

As a students undertaking this module you will develop and enhance y report writing abilities and will be able to demonstrate a deeper understanding of how the clinical picture relates to the image findings.

Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs)

ILO: Module-specific skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 1. Analyse, interpret and critically evaluate radiographic images of the axial skeleton including complex cases.
  • 2. Use clinical reasoning and critical judgement in the construction of radiological reports of the axial skeleton and demonstrate comprehension of the resultant clinical decision making process
  • 3. Use the current evidence base to inform knowledge and demonstrate understanding of pathologies and trauma appearances of the axial skeleton.

ILO: Discipline-specific skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 4. Demonstrate a systematic understanding of medical vocabulary and use accurate terminology to describe image findings precisely.
  • 5. Undertake analysis of complex image findings and cases and apply advanced theoretical knowledge in the evaluation of findings in the context of the most recent evidence-base.
  • 6. Evaluate the context of the radiological report and how it may impact on the subsequent management of the patient based on the current evidence base.

ILO: Personal and key skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 7. Identify, evaluate and maintain qualities to support effective communication in a range of complex and specialised contexts.
  • 8. Exercise initiative and personal responsibility for independent learning and continuing professional development.

Syllabus plan

Syllabus plan

Whilst the module’s precise content may vary from year to year, an example of an overall structure is as follows: 

Develop a comprehensive understanding of:

  1. Normal axial skeletal anatomy and normal variants

  2. Axial musculoskeletal pathology

  3. Mechanism of injury and radiological appearances

  4. The appearances of minor and major axial skeletal trauma

  5. Use and apply the correct medical terminology

  6. Appropriate construction of radiological reports

  7. Demonstrate an awareness of image quality

  8. Appropriate diagnostic pathway and clinical decision making

Learning and teaching

Learning activities and teaching methods (given in hours of study time)

Scheduled Learning and Teaching ActivitiesGuided independent studyPlacement / study abroad

Details of learning activities and teaching methods

CategoryHours of study timeDescription
Scheduled Learning & Teaching activities10Tutorials with clinical staff
Scheduled Learning & Teaching activities10Narrated PowerPoint lectures delivered online as part of blended learning.
Scheduled Learning & Teaching15Lectures - delivered by a variety of practitioners experienced in clinical image interpretation. Lectures will be delivered over 5 university contact days and will involve: lectures/seminars (3hours each), a 90 minute image interpretation session each visit and a 1 hour feedback/discussion session.
Guided independent study120Portfolio - development of a record of practise radiological reports with a summary sheet demonstrating competence
Guided independent study75Guided reading
Guided independent study70Assessment preparation


Formative assessment

Form of assessmentSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
Practice reports and Viva's20 practice reports1-8Oral
Online practice cases30 cases1,3-8Written

Summative assessment (% of credit)

CourseworkWritten examsPractical exams

Details of summative assessment

Form of assessment% of creditSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
Portfolio, audit and reflection0500 practice reports1-8Written
OSE10050 plain film axial radiographic examinations - – the examination pass mark is 90%1-7Written


Details of re-assessment (where required by referral or deferral)

Original form of assessmentForm of re-assessmentILOs re-assessedTimescale for re-assessment
Portfolio, audit and reflection500 practice reports1-8Typically within twelve weeks of the result
OSE50 plain film axial radiographic examinations. The pass mark is 90%1-7Typically within six weeks of the result

Re-assessment notes

In order to pass the module, the examinations and the portfolio components must be passed.


In the event that you fail to complete sufficient practice reports to pass the portfolio component you will be required to submit any outstanding reports within eight weeks of the original submission date.


The final OSE scores will be scaled in order that the final module mark is in line with accepted conventions in regard to the classifications awarded for successful postgraduate study. Specific details can be found in the programme handbook.





Indicative learning resources - Basic reading

Interpreting Trauma Radiographs,  McConnell J., Eyres R. and Nightingale J. (2005), Blackwell, ISBNA 1-4051-1534 (UL: 616.0757 MAC)

Accident and Emergency Radiology - A Survival Guide, Raby N. (2003), (2nd edition), Saunders Ltd, ISBNA 0-702-02667-0 (UL: 616.0757 RAB)

Fundamentals of skeletal radiology, Helms, Clyde A, (2014) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania : Elsevier Saunders, ISBN-13: 9780781750066ISBN-10: 1455751545

Grainger and Allison's diagnostic radiology : a textbook of medical imaging, Grainger R, Allison D, (2001), (4th Edition), London : Churchill Livingstone, ISBN 0443064326 

Orthopaedic radiology : pattern recognition and differential diagnosis, Renton P, (1998) (2nd edition), London : M. Dunitz, ISBN 1853174343



Module has an active ELE page

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Image Interpretation Axial Skeleton

Credit value30
Module ECTS


Module pre-requisites

Fundamentals and principles of clinical image interpretation and advanced practice

Module co-requisites


NQF level (module)


Available as distance learning?


Origin date


Last revision date