Medicine, Nursing and Allied Health Professions


Clinical Imaging 3

Module titleClinical Imaging 3
Module codePAM2004
Academic year2020/1
Module staff

Dr Christine Heales (Lecturer)

Mrs Susan McAnulla (Convenor)

Duration: Term123
Duration: Weeks



Number students taking module (anticipated)


Description - summary of the module content

Module description

This module aims to develop knowledge of the science and technology underpinning 2-D and 3-D radionuclide imaging, ultrasound and MRI, and of the principles of safe practice in using these various modalities. The module further aims to provide practical training in interpretation of the images that arise from these modalities.

Module aims - intentions of the module

This module aims to equip you with a fundamental understanding of the roles of nuclear medicine, MRI and ultrasound within the field of medical imaging to underpin appropriate decision-making when justifying imaging requests. The module also aims to develop safe practice within these modalities so that you have appropriate awareness of restrictions, ethics, legislation and professionalism to be able to maintain the safety of yourself and others present in the imaging environment.

Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs)

ILO: Module-specific skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 1. Explain the basic physical principles of radionuclide imaging, diagnostic ultrasonography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • 2. Describe the explain the design and function of systems for provision of two-dimensional and three-dimensional radionuclide imaging, medical ultrasonography and MRI
  • 3. Describe potential hazards and the systems and governance for safe and ethical working in the conduct of radionuclide imaging procedures, ultrasonography and MRI
  • 4. Outline a range of radionuclide imaging, ultrasonography and MRI procedures including advantages and limitations of each.
  • 5. Identify common pathology on radionuclide, ultrasound and MRI images

ILO: Discipline-specific skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 6. use IT packages for image viewing
  • 7. Use appropriate sources of information to develop own knowledge;

ILO: Personal and key skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 8. manage time and, with some guidance, prioritise workloads;
  • 9. use problem-solving skills in practical situations.

Syllabus plan

Syllabus plan

Whilst the module’s precise content may vary from year to year, an example of an overall structure is as follows:


Principles of nuclear medicine

Principles of 2D radionuclide imaging.

Design and operating principles of the gamma camera.

Outline of 3D radionuclide imaging (PET and SPECT).

Nuclear medicine techniques and applications

Radiopharmaceuticals: production, requirements, choice of isotope and activity

Tagging, physiological uptake and half-life.

Data processing.

Standard equipment.

Standard imaging procedures.

Patient care, safe and efficient practice.

Radiation-protection regulations and legislation.

Evaluation and interpretation of images: level of normal anatomy and physiology demonstrated, normal and pathological examples.


Physical principles.

Heating and cavitation: patient hazards.

Standard equipment.

Standard imaging procedures: A scan, B scan, M scan.

Patient care, safe and efficient practice.

Evaluation and interpretation of images: level of normal anatomy demonstrated, normal and pathological examples.

Ultrasound contrast agents: principles and applications

Advanced ultrasound techniques

Doppler flowmetry: principles, equipment and interpretation.

Doppler imaging: principles, equipment and interpretation.

Echocardiography: principles, equipment and interpretation.


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Outline of physical principles.

Patient hazards: static magnetic field, switching magnetic fields, r.f. heating.

Standard equipment.

Standard imaging sequences.

Patient care, safe and efficient practice.

Evaluation and interpretation of images: level of normal anatomy demonstrated, normal and pathological examples.

MRI contrast agents: principles and applications

Practical image interpretation

Examples from nuclear medicine, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging procedures.

Learning and teaching

Learning activities and teaching methods (given in hours of study time)

Scheduled Learning and Teaching ActivitiesGuided independent studyPlacement / study abroad

Details of learning activities and teaching methods

CategoryHours of study timeDescription
Scheduled learning and teaching activities2828x1-hour lectures
Scheduled learning and teaching activities12Practical sessions
Scheduled learning and teaching activities1Tutorial support
Guided Independent Study20Directed background reading
Guided Independent Study139Reading, private study and revision


Formative assessment

Form of assessmentSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
ELE quizzes during class04-9Computer generated

Summative assessment (% of credit)

CourseworkWritten examsPractical exams

Details of summative assessment

Form of assessment% of creditSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
Essay501500 words3,4,7,8Written
Written Examination502 hours1-5iExeter and ELE


Details of re-assessment (where required by referral or deferral)

Original form of assessmentForm of re-assessmentILOs re-assessedTimescale for re-assessment
Written ExaminationWritten Examination 1-5August/September assessment period
EssayEssay3,4,7,8August/September assessment period


Indicative learning resources - Basic reading

  • Not applicable

Indicative learning resources - Web based and electronic resources


Module has an active ELE page

Indicative learning resources - Other resources

  • Kim, E. (2012), Handbook of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging: principles and clinical applications, World Scientific, ISBN 9789814366236
  • Kremkau F.W. (2016), Sonography: Principles and Instruments (9th edition), Saunders, ISBN 978-0323322713
  • McRobbie D.W. et al. (2017), MRI from Picture to Proton (3rd edition), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9781107706958
  • Powsner R.A. Palmer M.R. and Powsner E.R (2013), Essentials of Nuclear Medicine Physics (3rd edition)., Wiley Blackwell,  ISBN 978-0470905500
  • Sharp P.F., Gemmell H.G. and Murray A.D. (2005), Practical Nuclear Medicine (3rd edition), Springer, ISBN 1-852-33875-X
  • Society and College of Radiographers (2019), Safety in Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Society and College of Radiographers, ISBN 978-1-909802-31-5
  • Westbrook C. (2018), MRI in Practice (5th edition), Wiley Blackwell, ISBN 978-1-119-39196-8

Key words search

Medical Imaging; Imaging; Interpretations; Procedures; Practical; Resonance; Systems; Standards; Equipment; Medicine;

Credit value20
Module ECTS


NQF level (module)


Available as distance learning?


Origin date


Last revision date