Medicine, Nursing and Allied Health Professions


Axial Skeletal Reporting

Module titleAxial Skeletal Reporting
Module codeHPDM129
Academic year2021/2
Module staff

Ms Lucy Banfield (Convenor)

Duration: Term123
Duration: Weeks




Number students taking module (anticipated)


Description - summary of the module content

Module description

This module will enhance your understanding and knowledge of the axial skeleton and will develop your image interpretation skills in order to provide accurate written reports. It will allow for a comprehensive understanding of axial skeletal trauma and will allow for either application of the knowledge gained in the musculoskeletal pathology module, or revision of prior learning. 

Students undertaking this module should be familiar with projection radiography images and be a registered healthcare professional. You will be required to hold employment in a healthcare setting where you have access to images and mentorship for the reporting aspects. You will also be required to demonstrate HCPC registration.   

Module aims - intentions of the module

This module aims to support you in the development of your knowledge of the axial skeleton. This module will introduce the you to mechanism of injury and will enable you to identify the radiological appearances of trauma commonly associated with the axial skeleton. The module will also consolidate knowledge and understanding of various musculoskeletal pathologies in addition to normal variants. 

As a student undertaking this module you will develop and enhance y report writing abilities and will be able to demonstrate a deeper understanding of how the clinical picture relates to the image findings.

Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs)

ILO: Module-specific skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 1. Analyse, interpret and critically evaluate radiographic images of the axial skeleton including complex cases.
  • 2. Use clinical reasoning and critical judgement in the construction of radiological reports of the axial skeleton and demonstrate comprehension of the resultant clinical decision making process.
  • 3. Use the current evidence base to inform knowledge and demonstrate understanding of pathologies and trauma appearances of the axial skeleton.

ILO: Discipline-specific skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 4. Demonstrate a systematic understanding of medical vocabulary and use accurate terminology to describe image findings precisely.
  • 5. Undertake analysis of complex image findings and cases and apply advanced theoretical knowledge in the evaluation of findings in the context of the most recent evidence-base
  • 6. Evaluate the context of the radiological report and how it may impact on the subsequent management of the patient based on the current evidence base

ILO: Personal and key skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 7. Identify, evaluate and maintain qualities to support effective communication in a range of complex and specialised contexts.
  • 8. Exercise initiative and personal responsibility for independent learning and continuing professional development.

Syllabus plan

Syllabus plan

Develop a comprehensive understanding of:

  1. Normal axial skeletal anatomy and normal variants
  2. Axial musculoskeletal pathology
  3. Mechanism of injury and radiological appearances
  4. The appearances of minor and major axial skeletal trauma
  5. Use and apply the correct medical terminology
  6. Appropriate construction of radiological reports
  7. Demonstrate an awareness of image quality
  8. Appropriate diagnostic pathway and clinical decision making

Learning and teaching

Learning activities and teaching methods (given in hours of study time)

Scheduled Learning and Teaching ActivitiesGuided independent studyPlacement / study abroad

Details of learning activities and teaching methods

CategoryHours of study timeDescription
Scheduled learning and teaching activities10Tutorials with clinical staff - discussion in tutorials may be replaced by synchronous discussion on Teams/ Zoom if attendance is affected by Covid-19
Scheduled learning and teaching activities10Narrated PowerPoint lectures delivered online as part of blended learning.
Scheduled learning and teaching activities15Lectures - delivered by a variety of practitioners experienced in clinical image interpretation. Lectures will be delivered over 5 university contact days and will involve: lectures/seminars (3hours each), a 90 minute image interpretation session each visit and a 1 hour feedback/discussion session. - Face-to-face scheduled lectures may be replaced by short pre-recorded videos for each topic (15-20 minutes) and/or brief overview lectures delivered via MS Teams/Zoom, with learning consolidated by self-directed learning resources and ELE activities.
Guided independent study120Portfolio - development of a record of practise radiological reports with a summary sheet demonstrating competence
Guided independent study75Guided reading
Guided independent study70Assessment prep


Formative assessment

Form of assessmentSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
Practice reports and Viva's20 practice reports1-8Oral - Small-group discussion in tutorials and seminars may be replaced by synchronous group discussion on Teams/ Zoom
Online practice cases30 cases1,3-8Written

Summative assessment (% of credit)

CourseworkWritten examsPractical exams

Details of summative assessment

Form of assessment% of creditSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
Portfolio, audit and reflection0500 practice reports1-8Written
OSE 10050 plain film axial radiographic examinations. The pass mark is 90%1,2-7Written


Details of re-assessment (where required by referral or deferral)

Original form of assessmentForm of re-assessmentILOs re-assessedTimescale for re-assessment
Portfolio, audit and reflection (0%)500 practice reports1-88 weeks
OSE (100%)50 plain film axial radiographic examinations. The pass mark is 90%1,2-78 weeks

Re-assessment notes

In order to pass the module, the examinations and the portfolio components must be passed.


In the event that you fail to complete sufficient practice reports to pass the portfolio component you will be required to submit any outstanding reports within eight weeks of the original submission date.


The final OSE scores will be scaled in order that the final module mark is in line with accepted conventions in regard to the classifications awarded for successful postgraduate study. Specific details can be found in the programme handbook.


Indicative learning resources - Basic reading

  1. Adam, A., Dixon, A. K., Gillard, J. H. and Schaefer-Prokop, C. M. eds., 2015.  Grainger And Allison’s Diagnostic Radiology: A Textbook Of Medical Imaging.  6th ed.  Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.  EHL (NHS): WN 100 GRA Vol 1 and WN 100 GRA Vol 2
  2. Blankenbaker, D. G., Davies, K. W., Sonin, A., Crim, J. R., Tuite, M. J. and Andrews, C. L., 2016.  Diagnostic Imaging: Musculoskeletal Trauma.  2nd ed.  Elsevier.  UL: electronic resource.
  3. Dähnert, W., 2017.  Radiology Review Manual.  8th ed.  Wolters Kluwer.  UL: 616.0757 DAH
  4. Davies, S. G. ed, 2014.  Chapman And Nakielny’s Aids To Radiological Differential Diagnosis.  6th ed.  Saunders.  UL: electronic resource.
  5. Fox, J C., ed., 2017.  Clinical Emergency Radiology.  2nd ed.  Cambridge University Press.  UL: electronic resource
  6. Grant, L. A. and Griffin. N., 2018.  Grainger And Allison’s Diagnostic Radiology Essentials.  2nd ed.  Elsevier.  UL: 616.0757 GRA
  7. Helms, C., 2014.  Fundamentals Of Skeletal Radiology.  4th ed.  Elsevier Saunders.  UL: electronic resource.
  8. Keats, T. E. and Anderson, M. W., 2013.  Atlas Of Normal Roentgen Variants That May Simulate Disease.  9th ed.  Elsevier Saunders.  UL: electronic resource.
  9. McConnell, J., Eyres, R. and Nightingale, J., 2005.  Interpreting Trauma Radiographs.  Blackwell.  UL: 616.0757 MAC
  10. Raby, N., Berman, L., Morley, S. and de Lacey, G., 2015.  Accident And Emergency Radiology: A Survival Guide.  3rd ed.  Saunders.  UL: 616.0757 RAB
  11. Renton, P., 1998.  Orthopaedic Radiology: Pattern Recognition And Differential Diagnosis.  2nd ed.  CRC Press.  UL: 616.0757 REN
  12. Resnick, D., 2002.  Diagnosis Of Bone And Joint Disorders.  4th ed.  WB Saunders.  UL: 616.71075 RES (Vol 1 through to Vol 5)
  13. Rogers, L. F. and Clark West, O., 2015.  Imaging Skeletal Trauma.  4th ed.  Elsevier Saunders.  UL: electronic resource.

Module has an active ELE page

Credit value30
Available as distance learning?


Last revision date